How to Make Java Games

You can make Java™ games for personal enjoyment or for public distribution and sale. If you have experience or knowledge in Java programming, you can start planning and coding your games right away. If you are a beginner in Java programming, you should explore the different methods of learning to code in Java. There are numerous web sites that provide free tutorials and sample codes, and there are just as many books you can buy on Java programming. It is up to you to choose your pace and learning method. This article provides a brief overview of a simple Java game.


Things You’ll Need

  • Computer
  • Java™ Development Kit (JDK)
  • Java™ SE Runtime Environment (JRE)
  • Java™ Virtual Machine (JVM)


Making Java Games

  • Decide what type of game you want to make. For the purposes of this article, we will be creating a game similar to Pong. The object of this game is to use your mouse to click the blue and red balls and prevent them from going out of the playing field. You will lose lives (max of 10 lives) if any ball goes out of the playing field. You increase your score if you are able to prevent the balls from going out of the field:
  1. 300 score gives you a “That was not so bad” message
  2. 600 score gives you a “That was really good” message
  3. 900 score gives you a “You seem to be very good!” message
  4. 1200 score gives you a “That was nearly perfect!” message
  5. The perfect score of 1500 gives you a “You are the Champion!” message
  6. All sample code courtesy of Fabian Birzele
  • Plan the elements you want to include in your game.
  • Start coding your Java game by outlining the classes and methods in your game

Main Class

Sample code for Main Class

Class Player

Sample code for Class Player

Class Ball

Sample Code for Class Ball

  • Download and save the sound files to your project directory. Fabian Birzele’s source code contains the sound files he uses.
  • Compile your game every now and then, and check for errors or issues.
  • Run the game and double-click the applet window to start playing.


Start with a small, manageable project. Don’t overwhelm yourself by making a complicated game at the outset.

Download free Java game “making” programs that come complete with basic coding tools and compilers.

Improve your skills by developing more games after successfully completing your first Java game.

Filed Under: Computers & Technology


About the Author: Justin Belden is a freelance web & graphic designer with over 15 years' experience. He is also an Avid member of the Design/Development community and a Serial Blogger who loves to help people by sharing interesting and informative tips and trick related to computer and technology.

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