How to Care for Pets at Home

A family pet can be a great source of happiness and pleasure, and can help children to learn how to be responsible and caring. Pets make excellent com­panions for all ages, from children to the elderly. Dogs can help to keep your home safe as they may alert you to intruders and discourage burglars from breaking in.

Pet ownership brings with it a great deal of responsibility which must be taken seriously so, for this reason, it is not a good idea to give pets as gifts. Also, pets can cause accidents and spread diseases if they are not properly cared for. If you have children, teach them to respect animals and warn them that unfamiliar animals can bite and scratch, and must be approached with caution.

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General Principles


  • Dogs must be exercised every day (particularly large dogs) or they may become frustrated and could damage your home and garden.
  • Dogs need love and affection and should not be ignored or left alone for long periods of time.
  • Proper obedience training is essential for keeping your dog under control in public areas and at home.
  • Wash food dishes every day and keep them separate from your own.


  • Cats are very independent pets and are happiest if you give them some freedom.
  • They will groom and clean their fur themselves.
  • Cats require a litter tray or access to the outdoors. Be sure to change the litter every day to prevent the spread of disease and germs.


  • There are many different types and sizes of birds that make suitable pets -from budgerigars to parrots.
  • Your bird’s cage should be large enough for it to move around in and exercise its wings.
  • Ensure that your bird has an ample supply of fresh water and bird seed in its cage. A piece of cuttlefish should be inserted through the cage wires so that the bird can keep its beak and claws in trim.

Other small animals

  • Mice, hamsters, guinea pigs and ger-bils make good pets for older chil­dren, and should be kept in a cage.
  • Be sure the cage is cleaned weekly and that they have fresh water.
  • Supplement their diets with some fresh lettuce or other greens every few days.

Filed Under: Pets & Animals


About the Author: Fred Goodson has a passion for pets and animals. He has 4 dogs and is planning to have another one. He is also a blogger who writes about pets and animals. Currently, he is living in New Jersey.

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